Biography of Rafael Canogar

The indolence, 1959

This painter and sculptor was born in Toledo in the year 1935. Between 1949 and 1954 he studied with the painter Daniel Vázquez Díaz. Then, between 1957 and 1960 he was a charter member of the group Step.

He is one of the principal representatives of the abstract art in Spain, in his beginning it imitated the style of the cubism of Picasso and of Braque, and of the surrealism of Joan Miró, until it evolved towards the unformalist abstraction. Although it started with the oil on cloth, happening to use other materials like polyester, acrylic, wood and fiberglass, then it incorporated the photo.

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“Spain 1957-2007 ″, exhibition that the contemporary Spanish art assembles in Palermo

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Palermo has dressed itself with better than the Spanish art of last times. Spain 1957-2007 is monumental ours that it is possible to visit in Palace Sant'Elia of the Italian city and gathers the best contemporary Spanish artists from the group Step up to the transition to the contemporary thing.

In this monographic Spaniard there are works of Picasso, Barceló Looked, Dalí, Chillida, Gordillo, Canogar, Block, Thousands, Team Chronicle, Esther Ferrer, Muñoz, Antotion López, Carlos Paso, Jordi Colomer, Txomin Badiola, for naming some.

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Biography of Martín Chirino

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Sabina, 2001. Photo: Alberto Delgado

This artist was born in Las Palmas of Grand Canary in 1925. Chirino is one of the most important figures of the Spanish art of the XXth century and one of the most prestigious representatives of the abstract sculpture of Spain.

He learned of self-educated form the skills of forge, function and wooden size. It took his formal studies in school of Fine arts of San Fernando of Madrid and in the School of Fine Arts of London.

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The Spanish Unformalism: principal exponents

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Gray with two forms. Antoni Tápies

The Unformalism is a current that arises in France and then it would spread over the whole Europe, exercising a very strong influence in Spain. The diverse theories existentialists that Jean Paul Sartre and Martín Heidegger raised, highlighting the finished freedom of the artist to express his experiences and emotions would revolutionize the art in the middle of the XXth century.

This pictorial movement was opposed to the existing tendencies, like the cubism, where the geometric rigor is the essential part of the works. On the contrary, the unformalism pushes it back completely, doing without the formal will and proposing the creation as the rhythms that our instinct dictates us, capturing it in spots of color and big quantity of lines intermingled between themselves.

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Artistic movements: Group Step

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Artists of The Step

After the Second World war, Spain was plunged in a finished social and political chaos, and also, the artistic world in general was in a lethargy that lasted already 20 years. In 1957, there appears a group of artists belonging to the unformalism, which broke this coldness, and returned him to the country the place deserved in the world of the art.

It is a question of the group Step, where a set of young artists was appearing with a big international impulse. The members of the same one were: José Ayllón, Rafael Canogar, Martín Chirino, Manuel Conde, Luis Feito, Juana Francés, Manuel Millares, Manuel Rivera, Antonio Saura, Pablo Serrano, Antonio Suárez and Manuel Viola.

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