The Spanish Unformalism: principal exponents


Gray with two forms. Antoni pies

The Unformalism is a current that arises in France and then it would spread over the whole Europe, exercising a very strong influence in Spain. The diverse theories existentialists that Jean Paul Sartre and Martín Heidegger raised, highlighting the finished freedom of the artist to express his experiences and emotions would revolutionize the art in the middle of the XXth century.

This pictorial movement was opposed to the existing tendencies, like the cubism, where the geometric rigor is the essential part of the works. On the contrary, the unformalism pushes it back completely, doing without the formal will and proposing the creation as the rhythms that our instinct dictates us, capturing it in spots of color and big quantity of lines intermingled between themselves.

In the Spain later to the Civil war, the evolutionary process of the artistic tendencies was completely stagnant. The last big exponent of the art had been the surrealistic school of Salvador Dalí, but this before the War. Until there emerges a young man extremely influenced by Sartre and Heidegger, who was capturing in his linens this freedom ideal.

This artist is an Antoni Tápies, who promptly would transform in the maximum exponent of the Spanish unformalism and in one of the biggest artists of the contemporaneity. The textures of the diverse materials that he was using in his works, his collages which he was constructing with ropes, roles, pasteboards and an endless number of elements more, led it to receiving every time major transcendency on a global scale, provoking admiration in the artists of his epoch.

Other big exponents of the Spanish unformalism were the Group Step, formed in 1957 and integrated by Rafael Canogar, Luis Feito, Manuel Viola, Antonio Saura and Manolo Millares, where then other artists would join.

Sculptor Manuel Chirino, co-founder of the group earlier mentioned, also integrates this artistic tendency, as Eduardo Chillida, another Spanish sculptor much emphasized internationally and one of the Spanish artists most quoted on a global scale in the auctions of the actuality.

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    1. Biography of Gerardo Rueda, Spanish artist | Art Spain

      [...] the paintings are characterized by the order and the balance. He was one of the first ones in introducing the unformalism in Spain. Also, he was the creator, along with Fernando Zóbel, of the Abstract Art museum of [...]

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